CHP AND THE E-CAT
Combined Heat and Power, or CHP is a very real technology designed to, according to a report written by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts:
“generate electricity through microturbines…Microturbines are very small turbines intended to generate electricity for homes or commercial establishments, as well as for vehicles such as hybrid buses; they are still in the research and design stage. CHP, also know as cogeneration, produces electricity as well as heat for homes and businesses from a single fuel source.”
Cummins Power Generation has ongoing research and development in this arena. The work includes studies in capturing waste heat and using it to generate electricity. Rather than producing the heat, it converts it to electricity:
“(This) typically involve(s) a reciprocating-engine generator that produces electricity and a heat-recovery system to capture the waste heat from the engine’s exhaust and cooling system.”
According to Cummins’ figures, this will:
“…consume only 50 percent of the fuel burned by a central power station to provide an equivalent amount of energy. Since greenhouse gas emissions are directly related to the amount of fuel burned, CO2 production is also cut in half.”
Cummins, one of the biggest names in diesel truck manufacturing, has had the foresight to prepare for more energy-efficient sources of power. This type of generator may be exactly the partner for Andrea Rossi’s domestic E-Cat.
This technology is already being used in larger applications such as with methane gas trapped from municipal landfills. While the industrial E-Cat will certainly be almost a plug-in in these applications, the domestic models of the E-Cat could also function in the same way, providing electricity for the individual home.
DARPA AND THE E-CAT
The U.S. Department of Defense has a department called DARPA, or the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
A report released by Next Big Future.com on July 12, 2012 concerning DARPA’s work reveals that DARPA continues to investigate LENR and cold fusion. The agency studies “emergent effects and engineered devices” for the purpose of “developing more efficient and powerful devices.” Among other studies, they consider “engineering palladium microstructures with large deuterium loadings to study absorption thermodynamics and effects”.
In 2011, DARPA worked with the Italian Department of Energy to extend heat generation. This extension of generation has been accomplished by Andrea Rossi with his high temperature E-Cat. DARPA accomplished an extension of two and a half days, from what was typically just a few minutes duration. The high temperature E-Cat has run for nearly 3 months. DARPA plans to continue working with the Italian Department of Energy to reach scalability, along with scaling parameters for the heat generation processes.
Of course, none of this has any interest to Andrea Rossi, who continues working on his own inventions, regardless of whether or not the research is respected by any other entity. Whether the U.S. government, the Italian government, or any other political organization pays attention, Rossi is developing alternative power sources that are already on the market, and promise to make a real difference in the world.
PETROLIUM AND THE E-CAT
The fossil fuel industry stands to take a hard hit from E-Cat power. The industrial E-Cats produce far more energy than they consume, in comparison to fossil fuels. In the petroleum industry, transportation and heating use about 80% of every barrel of oil produced.
According to figures from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, about 47% of every barrel of oil is used to produce gasoline for internal combustion engines, and jet fuel accounts for another 8% of the barrel of oil. Only 11% of the barrel is LPG, or liquefied petroleum gases, with another 20% converted to distillate fuel used for heating.
The 11% LPG of each barrel of crude oil accounts for 45% of all LPG in the U.S. The rest is produced through natural gas purification processes.
How does all of this relate to Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat? LPG produces about 74% of the energy per gallon of gasoline, so it is used most often in the production of heat, rather than transportation, This, plus the distillate fuel from a barrel of crude oil, boosts the amount of the use for heating to a little less than 1/3 of the barrel used for home heating.
Rossi, himself, has said that the use of E-Cat power for motorized vehicles is at least 20 years in the future. Of course, 20 years is practically nothing in science years, but the majority of the market for a barrel of oil will remain. For a while.
Another significant use derived from oil is as products used in non-fuel industries. For instance, they are “chemical feedstocks” for other industries such as plastics, fertilizers, car tires, and even perfumes. Asphalt, tar, and bitumen are all derived from crude oil. Therefore the roads under our feet and the roofs over our heads are constructed using crude oil.
The petroleum industry won’t disappear because of LENR and the E-Cat. At this time, about 1/3 of the petroleum market stands to be affected by LENR, and that will take several years to make a significant dent.
Of course, any kind of dent in a consumer market is significant to the one who dominates the market. The petroleum industry will continue, because there are still plenty of non-heating applications for the fuel. But, with changes on the horizon, it will be interesting to see the political wrangling that goes on for market dominance. Chances are, the end result will be extremely affordable home heating, and outrageously expensive petroleum-based goods.