There are skeptics and detractors who have repeatedly discounted the proofs that Andrea Rossi’s E-Cats actually work. So, what exactly are the characteristics of a scientific test? Surprisingly, the characteristics of a scam are similar to the characteristics of a religious cult. A frequent on Andrea Rossi’s Journal of Nuclear Physics, Hank Mills, recently made some very good points about the characteristics of the testing done on the E-Cat.
NEW, OR ESTABLISHED?
Does the invention utilize existing technology? One of the characteristics of a cult or a scam is that the presenter claims to have a new revelation available only to himself. However, the fusion that occurs with nickel and hydrogen has been well documented long before Rossi’s involvement in the research. It has also been clear that heat is produced from the reaction. Cold Fusion and LENR technology are well established technologies that have been under the scrutiny of scientists and inventors alike. The significance of this is that Rossi has not produced some new technology that no one has ever seen, made it do a trick, and said, “See, it works!”
IS THERE A SINGLE FIGUREHEAD REQUIRING ALLEGIANCE?
Andrea Rossi is not the only scientist working on LENR technology. He has plenty of competition, which demonstrates that this is an open market waiting for the first person to cinch the sale.
Not only are there many scientists and inventors involved in the development of LENR and cold fusion, but there have been many scientists and physicists involved in the testing of Rossi’s unit. The multiple tests, while not attended by the major media outlets, were also not conducted in secrecy, with a few “cult members” in attendance to act as witnesses.
The engineer for the military customer, as noted by Mills, was entirely satisfied with the results of the tests he observed. Those present at the tests were Christos Stremmenos, a member of the board of directors of one of Rossi’s competitors, Profs. Levi and Ferrari from the University of Bologna, Dr. Sergio Focardi, as well as representatives of several media outlets such as Focus, Radio 24, and Mats Lewan of NyTecnic from Sweden. There were many other people present, as well, including amateur and professional scientists from around the world. Of the 4 professional scientists present, 3 of them gave positive statements regarding the success of the tests, and the fourth scientist was skeptical. Three of the amateur scientist present, Horace Heffner, David Roberson, and Bob Higgins, also noted the success of the tests in producing excessive amounts of heat, with Heffner somewhat skeptical about the heat measurement methods.
MULTIPLE TYPES OF PROOF
Rossi’s E-Cat is not just a one trick pony. The E-Cat continues to evolve as Rossi and his team improve it, and various tests on steam production, on hot water production, gains and losses of energy, and phase changes are constantly being performed. If this were a scam or cult, Rossi would have produced one instrument and claimed his fame, just as a cult leader would claim his revelation as sufficient proof.
DOES VARIETY HOLD TRUE?
A scammer or cult leader does not allow any kind of variation of the message or the product. The old joke, “What you see is what you get” is the standard of operation. Rossi, on the other hand, has continued to produce different models of his invention – and they all work. According to Mills,
“The first E-Cat units were large, with a reactor core of one liter, Then smaller ones were made with reactor cores of 50cc. These were tested as well, and proven to work. Later on, the modules for the one megawatt plant were built that utilized flat plate reactor cores. They also produced exceed power. It seems like every design of the E-Cat just works, despite the changes made.”
A scam would not produce multiple variations of working models.
CAN OUTSIDE AUTHORITIES CONFIRM RESULTS?
With a scammer, just as with a cult leader, no outside experts are allowed access. No one has to take Rossi’s word for anything. Even the U.S. Department of Defense and Department of Energy have either performed tests or been participants in tests that confirm the energy gains of the E-Cat. Other experts in LENR and cold fusion have been present at the tests, and confirm the results.
In an American court of law, a defendant must be convicted beyond “any reasonable doubt.” In school, this was explained to us this way: Anybody, by any stretch of the imagination, can conjure a doubt about proof that has been presented. However, this is not a “reasonable doubt”. A reasonable doubt is based on the presence – or absence – of concrete evidence.
Rossi has produced concrete evidence of the success of his E-Cat, beyond all “reasonable doubt”. The skeptics can remain skeptical, if they wish, but we’re going to buy an E-Cat when it hits the market.